Radicalismo y pacifismo católico en Estados Unidos: “Catholic Worker” 1936-1948

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Publicado 01-02-2024
Aurora Bosch Sánchez

Resumen

    En el contexto de un catolicismo estadounidense caracterizado por el patriotismo y el anticomunismo de clase obrera, Catholic Worker apareció en 1933 como un movimiento radical definido por su atención a la pobreza urbana, los trabajadores más precarios y el pacifismo. El artículo analiza la evolución de este pacifismo, que sería el origen del pacifismo católico, entre 1933 y 1948. Ante la Guerra Civil Española Catholic Worker rechazó apoyar “la cruzada” de Franco, pero por oposición a todas las guerras estaba de acuerdo con la política de neutralidad estricta y embargo legal de Roosevelt; mientas que en la Segunda Guerra Mundial el pacifismo radical de Catholic Worker se opuso al reclutamiento y a la intervención de Estados Unidos en la guerra, rechazando también en la posguerra la gestación de la Guerra Fría y el anticomunismo.

 

 

 

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Keywords

Estados Unidos, radicalismo católico, pacifismo, Guerra Civil española, Segunda Guerra Mundial,, Guerra Fría

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