Impacto de la intervención sindical en materia de riesgos laborales de origen psicosocial. Un estudio comparado en Europa occidental

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Publicado jun 9, 2021
Raúl Payá Castiblanque

Resumen

Es conocido que la intervención sindical tiene un efecto positivo sobre la reducción de los accidentes de trabajo. Sin embargo, no existe evidencia comparable sobre su efecto en las patologías psicosomáticas. La presente investigación estudia el impacto de la representación de los trabajadores en materia de riesgos psicosociales, tanto en términos agregados para el conjunto de la UE como de forma comparada entre los distintos sistemas de relaciones laborales. A tal efecto, se analizan los microdatos de una encuesta a 31.991 centros de trabajo europeos (ESENER-2), mediante diversos modelos de regresión que permitieron identificar cómo la presencia de representantes garantiza estándares más elevados de gestión y la correspondiente activación cultural, mientras que los de absentismo laboral solo se reducen con la participación directa y activa de los trabajadores. Por su parte, el análisis de correspondencias múltiples permite constatar cómo los sistemas institucionalizados del área centroeuropea y mediterránea presentan más dificultades para involucrar a los trabajadores que los escandinavos o anglosajones caracterizados por mayores niveles de autorregulación.

Cómo citar

Payá Castiblanque, R. (2021). Impacto de la intervención sindical en materia de riesgos laborales de origen psicosocial. Un estudio comparado en Europa occidental. Lan Harremanak - Revista De Relaciones Laborales, (45). https://doi.org/10.1387/lan-harremanak.22768
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