The Rehabilitation of Deductive Reasoning

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Published 25-05-2020
Thomas Bartelborth

Abstract

The paper aims at the rehabilitation of deductive reasoning. As a paradigm of reliable reasoning, it should be applicable in every confirmation context. In particular, it should transmit inductive justification, so that if D justifies a hypothesis H, then D also justifies all deductive conclusions from H. Nevertheless, most current philosophers of science reject such a transmission principle as false. They argue against it by providing apparent counter-examples and also by showing that it is incompatible with common confirmation theories such as HD-confirmation and Bayesianism. I argue in the opposite direction that we should stick to the transmission principle and revise instead our justification theories.

How to Cite

Bartelborth, T. (2020). The Rehabilitation of Deductive Reasoning. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 35(2), 139–154. https://doi.org/10.1387/theoria.20549
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Keywords

confirmation, epistemic justification, transmission of justification, theory choice, Bayesianism, tacking paradox, raven paradox

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