La Vigilancia Tecnológica como una herramienta para la gestión de la innovación



Publicado 18-09-2018
Jon Mikel Zabala Iturriagagoitia


El propósito de este artículo es presentar una visión teórica sobre la gestión de la innovación y las herramientas que pueden facilitar dicho empeño. El artículo adopta una visión práctica, con el objetivo de familiarizar a las PYMEs con las herramientas de gestión de la innovación en general y la vigilancia tecnológica en particular.

El objetivo de la vigilancia tecnológica es buscar, explorar y evaluar información existente sobre los avances tecnológicos en aquellas áreas de interés para la empresa. El proceso de vigilancia se divide en tres fases: observar, analizar y utilizar. El artículo examina las dimensiones incluidas en dichas fases además de establecer las condiciones para su aplicación en el contexto de las PYMEs. El artículo también analiza las funciones o roles necesarios para un uso sistemático de la vigilancia: observadores, analistas y decisores. Dichos roles corresponden directamente con las tres etapas anteriores. De este modo, los observadores están involucrados en la primera etapa, los analistas en la segunda y los decisores en la fase final.

El artículo concluye analizando algunas de las razones por las que las herramientas de gestión de la innovación en general y la vigilancia tecnológica en particular son infrautilizadas en las PYMEs. En este sentido, el autor concluye que si las PYMEs quieren incrementar su potencial de innovación, ello dependerá en gran medida de su capacidad para introducir ciertas rutinas para la gestión de la innovación así como de las herramientas asociadas a ellas, además de alinear a las anteriores con las estrategias empresariales.

Cómo citar

Zabala Iturriagagoitia, J. M. (2018). La Vigilancia Tecnológica como una herramienta para la gestión de la innovación. Cuadernos De Gestión, 12(3), 105–124.
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Gestión de la innovación, herramientas, vigilancia tecnológica, PYMEs

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