Cuerpos marcados: La piel como entidad comunicativa en la hagiografía de la Antigüedad Tardía

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Publicado 30-03-2023
Aitor Boada Benito

Resumen

Este artículo analiza la función comunicativa de la piel, tomando como caso de estudio un texto hagiográfico cristiano escrito a principios del siglo VII en el Imperio sasánida. El objetivo es ilustrar la creación de códigos de habla en las comunidades cristianas del Imperio sasánida y su expresión en la literatura hagiográfica, centrándose en la representación de un aspecto: la presencia o ausencia de marcas en la piel. Mediante el análisis de estas referencias y su comparación con otros testimonios hagiográficos, exploraré cómo las comunidades cristianas de la Antigüedad tardía construyeron sistemas de significado en torno a la piel y los utilizaron para articular su identidad religiosa en relación con otras comunidades. La Teoría de los Códigos del Habla desarrollada por Greg Philipsen es relevante en este caso, ya que ayuda a dilucidar cómo las comunidades cristianas, incrustadas en un contexto agonístico sociocultural, político, legal y religioso en el que el zoroastrismo ocupaba las esferas hegemónicas, desarrollaron una constelación de significados muy específicos en torno a la piel que permitieron un proceso perpetuo de creación, negociación y definición de un mensaje de afiliación religiosa.

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"Etnografías históricas de la comunicación"