Junko ItÃ´ has proposed a view of syllabification as continuous template matching constrained by the general principles of Prosodic Theory and Lexical Phonology; this view, she claims, is empirically and theoretically superior to rule-based approaches. In this paper, ItÃ´'s conception of syllabification is applied to the study of the syllable structure of modern Basque and Proto-Basque. The conclusion is drawn that whereas modern Basque has a CCVC syllable template with a Left-to-Right setting of the directionality parameter, Proto-Basque had a CVC template with a Right-to-Left setting. The apparently paradoxical changes that Latin loanwords undergo in Basque (word-initial prothesis and the different treatment of muta-cum-liquida consonant clusters for example) are accounted for by ItÃ´'s approach with the additional (and widely accepted) assumption that phonetic trills are underlyingly geminate flaps. Finally, the possibility of an intermediate stage with a CVC template but a Left-to-Right directionality is suggested.
Artiagoitia, Xabier. 1990. «Sobre La Estructura De La sílaba En (proto)vasco Y Algunos fenómenos Conexos». Anuario Del Seminario De Filología Vasca "Julio De Urquijo" 24 (2):327-49. https://doi.org/10.1387/asju.8143.
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