"Hiztegi Hirukoitza" eta "Diccionario de Autoridades" erkatuaz (I): oinarrizko ezaugarri zenbait



Argitaratua 1998-04-02
Blanca Urgell


In this paper, I will analyze some issues concerning bilingual lexicography that -as far as I know- have only been previously investigated in a subsidiary manner, namely: the use of models from other languages in the rise of new lexicography traditions and the influence of those models upon such traditions. We must bear in mind that in most -if not all- European languages the first works in this field were bilingual dictionaries in which the source language had a well established lexicographic tradition, such as the numerous Renaissance bilingual Latin-vernacular dictionaries, which were frequently based on medieval Latin models. It is worth noting that at each particular point in time and place, the source language is the one which holds the status of language of culture, so that it may be inferred that these languages serve not only as lexicographic models but also as lexical referents.
   The case in point analyzed here -the Larramendi's Diccionario Trilingüe (1745)- and its model -the Diccionario de Autoridades of Spanish Royal Academy (1726-39)-, are specially significant since they were two cornerstones of their respective lexicographic traditions. The Trilingual was the first Basque general dictionary to be printed. Its publication came to be regarded as a foundational event for peninsular literary Basque and its influence during a century and a half is unparalleled in the history of Basque and its lexicography. Nevertheless, it is probably the least known amongst the Basque dictionaries as a result of the anathema which was levelled against it at the beginning of the XXth century.
   In this paper we present the first of a series of studies of the dictionary's contents (size, number of entries) and we analyze some external issues (authorship, working methods) as well as some organizational questions (graphics, alphabetic organization) constantly bearing in mind the model of reference.

Nola aipatu

Urgell, Blanca. 1998. «"Hiztegi Hirukoitza" Eta "Diccionario De Autoridades" Erkatuaz (I): Oinarrizko Ezaugarri Zenbait». Anuario Del Seminario De Filología Vasca "Julio De Urquijo" 32 (1):109-63. https://doi.org/10.1387/asju.8709.
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